Department of Energy
Created by the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhatten Project effort to build and atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal government.
Over its 35+ year history, the Department of Energy has shifted its emphasis and focus as the needs of the nation have changed. During the late 1970’s, the Department emphasized energy development and regulation. In the 1980’s, nuclear weapons research, development, and production took a priority. With the end of the Cold war, the Department focused on environmental cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex and nonproliferation and stewardship of the nuclear stockpile.
In the 2000’s, the Department’s priority has been ensuring the nation’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through science and technology solutions. The Department has sought to transform the nation’s energy system and secure leadership in clean energy technologies, pursue world-class science and engineering as a cornerstone of economic prosperity, and enhance nuclear security through defense, nonproliferation, and environmental efforts.
Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
EIA conducts a comprehensive data collection program that covers the full spectrum of energy sources, end uses, and energy flows; generates short- and long-term domestic and international energy projections; and performs informative energy analysis.
EIA disseminates its data products, analysis, reports, and services to customers and stakeholders primarily through its website and the customer contact center. EIA programs cover data on coal, petroleum, natural gas, electric, renewable and nuclear energy.