Environmental Protection Agency
The EPA is an agency of the United States federal government, which was created in 1970 during the Nixon Administration. The EPA is not a Cabinet department, but the Administrator is normally given a cabinet rank.
The agency conducts environmental assessment, research, and education. It has the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with state, tribal, and local governments. It delegates some permitting, monitoring, and enforcement responsibility to the U.S. states and Native American tribes. EPA enforcement powers include fines, sanctions, and other measures. The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts.